“We thought it was very important to understand the financial system as a whole and to be able to look at who is putting the system at risk and why. We used a lot of statistics and mathematics to arrive at our model, which can be updated easily with a few clicks of the button,” said Dube.
“It is especially valuable for policy makers and regulators to know which companies contribute most to systemic risk. They may be in need of additional scrutiny and oversight,” said Kaya.The point of the systemic risk ranking is not to identify institutions that are at risk of failure. It looks at which institutions would have the greatest impact on other institutions should they fail. According to Dube and Kaya’s model, this would be the Standard Bank Group. It leads the ranking quite significantly at 25.56% before Barclays Africa Group at 13%. In third place is the FirstRand Group at 12.94%.
“It is significant because it shows that only three financial institutions constitute up to 50% of all systemic risk in South Africa.” Dube continues saying; “This is why it was possible for them to collude on fixing the Rand. There is too much concentration and a lack of competition, which is not healthy for the industry.”Systemic risk is affected by factors like the company’s share price, as well the activities the bank engages in. Liabilities also come into play as well as to whom the banks owe money.
“Our ranking will be most beneficial to those in industry, to the regulators as well as policy makers,” said Dube. “It provides novel and very useful information. It helps financial institutions to internalize their systemic risk contribution.”Dube and Kaya intend updating the ranking frequently and have made the code they used freely available as open source.
|Financial group||Contribution (%)|
|Standard Bank Group||21.56%|
|Barclays Africa Group||13.00%|
|Alexander Forbes Group||10.21%|
|Old Mutual Plc||2.77%|
|Coronation Fund Managers||2.04%|